In the past weeks I’ve been writing about both Mindfulness and Critical Thinking.  I began with Reflection #46 on the Neuro-Semantics of Mindfulness.  Now I want to put these together.  Both are at the very heart
of NLP and Neuro-Semantics.  How do they connect?  One aspect of mindfulness is critical thinking- being mindful about how you are reasoning, thinking, and using language.  When you are engaged in critical thing, you are expanding your mindfulness.

Mindfulness inevitably builds critical thinking skills for several reasons. First of all because mindfulness requires an openness to experience, an openness to perceiving things from multiple views, to seeing multiple possibilities, and an openness to being wrong.  The possibility of being wrong arises due to the presence of cognitive distortions and biases.  We are all liable to mis-perceive, mis-hear, mis-evaluate, etc.  To not be open is to become less mindful, less aware of our fundamental fallibility.

Mindfulness builds critical thinking skills secondly by recognizing the role and predominance of our creativity.  If we become mindless when we go on automatic, operate by habit, live by routine, then we increase mindfulness when we play around with ideas, when we adventure into new and different
ideas, when we maintain our curiosity about how things work.  Mindfulness enriches creativity and yet creativity without reality-testing, quality controlling, checking the facts, and getting feedback from our innovations can become unrealistic, fantastic, and crazy creativity.

What’s the solution?  It is to complete the creativity.  That is, to move from the wild-and-crazy stage of brainstorming to the innovation stage of testing its reality.  That’s where we apply our critical thinking skills. We need both.  When both are working in unison we have creativity-and-innovation and in human personality, we have mind-to-muscle. We not only have great ideas, we also have the ability to embody and
actualize them in lifestyle.

One aspect of mindfulness involves being able to step back, and get the big picture.  Doing this can orient you to your world and enable you to gain perspective.  That takes you up and uses your self-reflexive consciousness in a highly creative and practical way.  But don’t stay there.  Your next step will be to bring that big picture down so that you can see the details of how you can operationalize it in practical actions.  In Neuro-Semantics we call this meta-detailing.  It is one of the prerequisites of genius which is more fully described in the book, Sub-Modalities Going Meta.

Getting the big picture enables you to gain perspective about the details. Yet if you keep generalizing and keep moving up you will over-generalize. Then the categories that you create and the classes that you generate will become less and less useful and can even blind you from the critical distinctions that you need to make.  It’s critical thinking that brings mindful awareness down to the critical details.  This is precisely what we do when we use the NLP Meta-Model of Language.  The “Specifically what …who … where … when” questions focus our attention on the critical details.  And that’s where mastery is- Mastery is in the details.  That’s what distinguishes an expert from a novice.  By specifying the critical success details the expert gets to the heart of things.

Both mindfulness and critical thinking enable us to “come to our senses” in new ways so that we can be here-and-now- fully present to life in the moment we are living it.  And both do this by enabling us to “lose our mind”-the old mind of habit, routine, thinking we “know it all,” and assuming there’s nothing else to learn.  It is that mind which so often blinds us to the here-and-now.  Then we’re not present.  Eyes we have but we see not; ears we have but we hear not.

One tool which I’m constantly recommending to our Meta-Coaches for this is the skill of effective interrupting.  At a very basic level just asking a person to self-reflect as they speak tends to interrupt their “talking off the tip of their tongue” and becoming mindful so they can think critically. “Did you hear what you just said?”  So in Meta-Coaching, the coach will ask this from time to time.  And clients most of the time will say, “What?  What did I just say?”

At a more advanced level, a Meta-Coach may ask, “Did you just hear that resource (or, solution, insight, limiting belief, presupposition, etc.)?” And again, this will interrupt most clients and they  will have to ask you to repeat what they said so that they can begin to hear what they are saying and what’s hidden in their words.  I’ve even had clients question me, “Did I say that?  Really?  Are you sure?”  The interruption interrupts their mindless chattering and calls them to a mindful awareness.

Another coaching interruption that we often do relates to a pattern of behaviors.  This occurs when we ask someone if they have noticed that they have now used a particular expression or linguistic phrase three or four or seventeen times.  “I’ve noticed that you have used X-pattern some five times now, are you aware of that?  Are you aware of how this may be limiting (or enhancing, empowering, sabotaging, etc.) you?”

We often do this with the linguistic distinctions which the Meta-Model of Language offers.  That’s because each distinction has the possibility of creating mindlessness.  Unspecified nouns and verbs do this which is why we ask, “What specifically are you talking about?”  The speaker may think he’s clear, but his words do not create precision.  This is even more true for nominalizations, lost performatives, cause-effect statements, complex equivalences, and presuppositions.  Inside of these types of linguistic patterns we can really become mindless- so much so that when we are interrupted and asked to explain ourselves- we can’t!  “What are you referring to when you say X?”  “What exactly do you mean by Y?”

This is where learning and using the Meta-Model enhances mindfulness.  It enriches your ability to be present and to engage in critical thinking about how you have and are mentally mapping things in your world.  I mentioned this with regard to some of the language used by the media in Ferguson (Reflection #48) and in the metaphorical language of calling the heart a “brain” (Reflection #49).  In the next Reflection I will do this with regard to one of the most inflamatory subjects on planet Earth.

L. Michael Hall, Ph.D.
Neuro-Semantics Executive Director


Neuro-semantics is also known as the science of success. ” – As quoted in the Wall Street Journal

Offer of Rs.78,000 for just Rs.25,000


Neuro Semantics Practitioner+NLP Practitioner+Advance Coaching Essentials( ICF-CCE Level Course)

Want to Change, enhance or develop your career?
Make positive, powerful changes to become more successful?
Be your own Coach or Coach others?
Get the best out of your professional & personal life?
Learn skills that will release new potentials for your business?
Meta NLP Practitioner is someone who has learned to use the attitudes, principles and techniques of Neuro-Semantics and NLP to create positive empowering changes in themselves and others that are focussed directly on career success. During the Practitioner Training, you will learn through demonstrations and interactive exercises how to: communicate effectively and persuasively, manage your state of mind and body to handle any situation and overcome unconscious beliefs that might limit your true potential and hold you back from real success.

Who should attend?

CEO’s, business owners, managers, trainers, entrepreneurs, sales people – in fact anyone interested in improving the quality of their work & career.

Neuro-Semantics focuses centrally on the skills and processes for unleashing your potentials by mobilizing your best resources. If you are interested in becoming more resourceful, running your own brain, taking charge of your own life, and actualising all of your highest latent potentials, the models and patterns of NLP and Neuro-Semantics are designed as tools and processes to achieve just that.

Models for understanding the systemic nature mind-body-emotions & their effect on business systems.
Patterns for developing greater competence, self-confidence, resourcefulness, and success in career, and relationships.
Skills for training, coaching, and consulting for living more mindfully and intentionally in adapting to an ever-changing world.
Self-actualisation of your best values and visions as you create the richest and most robust meanings for a truly meaningful life.

Romeo’s trainings are designed specifically to enhance your professional life. Neuro-Semantics is well known for its many change techniques – enabling you to set clear and achievable goals and overcome any of the fears and obstacles that may be standing in your way. By becoming a Meta NLP Practitioner you will become proficient in helping yourself and others resolve issues and conflicts and design a future that is both compelling and achievable.

Many significant benefits in the professional arena come from, from increased skills in communications, managing, influencing and team work, to entrepreneurial skills and increased self management for the self-employed and small business owner. Many people considering career changes have also found their NS & NLP skills invaluable in making effective decisions about their future, and increasing their abilities in key areas of life.

This course provides you with all the key concepts of NLP from a Neuro-Semantic perspective. The “Users Manual For The Brain” is the book based on this training and is an extremely useful addition to the course. Upon payment you will be sent the book or you can pick up the Practitioner Manual to familiarise yourself with the contents.

This is once in a New year Offer at 50% of the actual Price. Only 3 seats available. Attend the first 3 days and if you feel its not worth it, we’ll refund your fee 100% with no questions asked.

Pay only Rs.15,000 to attend this course if you have alreay attended an NLP Practitioner or Masters and feel like it was just mumbo jumbo with no real education. Money back guaranteed.

This certification is for those who have the inner hunger and thirst for applying change FIRST to their lives through NLP, and to communicate that congruent lifestyle to effect change in others. This is about the drive to contribute to be a change agent in the world. This certification will give you absolute power to do almost anything-you will become unstoppable, once you face your fears,doubts,create purposeful outcomes and be able to cue yourself to consistent behaviours that will take you closer to your dreams.

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF NEURO SEMANTICS is known worldwide for its credibility and capacity to provide PREMIER NLP Training that transforms lives.

These are secondary benefits and features of the certification:

1. Lifetime NLP Practitioner and also Neuro Semantics Practitioner’s certification from ISNS -USA-one of the top 3 Premier NLP Body in the world. Be recognized as a best trained Practitioner.
2. Advanced Coaching Essential Certification too- Meta Coaching Level I clearance. (International Coaching Federation’s-CCEU Level Course)
3. A Participant’s manual of about 200 pages designed and written by Michael Hall and worth around $79 with 100 plus patterns and techniques.
4. Lunch, 2 teas and snacks included.
5. Umbrella of credibility under ISNS and access to 3000 pages of Neuro Semantics articles and pages of materials from NS website, the only NLP Society that provides rich materials for free.
6. Post training support through e group membership at Neurons and becoming a part of ISNS chapter India.
7. Get to be trained and coached by Romeo Haokip himself, who is one of the Top Neuro Semantics-NLP expert in India. Get 2 Coaching sessions worth Rs.30,000 FREE if you attend this training.
8. Get 3 months phone support and lifetime email support from the Trainers.
9. Get a book my Michael Hall and Bob Bodenhamer for free.

10. The Triple certification fee is included in the package.

11. Get to re-attend the course for FREE as an Assist Team Leader for enhancing your skill.

12. 40% discount on your Master Certification.

13. Learn the MAGIC and the structure to excellence in becoming a “state of the heart” Leader, Coach, Communicator, a Self Actualizing entity, a meta force of energy who not only knows EQ/SQ in the head but have learn tools to embed it in their muscle memory. Learn to stretch your brain in 67 different leadership and managerial perceptual continuum and flexibility, persuade and negotiate convincingly in the Boardroom, get yourself and others into hypnotic trance, learn around 100plus NLP transformational patterns to become the Scriptwriter, the Editor, and the Director of the best Movie-YOUR LIFE and to pass on the tools to others .

Course Description

Compare these course content with other NLP certifications in India and ask yourself why should you attend other courses that does not cover even half of what this course covers. That is why we have dedicated 8 days to make you world class Meta NLP Practitioners.

Benefits of the Course with the topics.

The following modules are included in your Meta-NLP Practitioner Certification Programme: 

1. Learn Cognitive Behavioral and how to assess people’s physiology, speech and mental maps to become an effective Coach, Leader with Mastery in relationship building.

  • NLP Communication Model– Introduction and skills in applying NLP Presuppossitions.
  • The making of your internal Map of reality– How you uniquely experience the world out there.
  • Your meaning making matrix- How you make your world a delight or disaster.
  • How the Brain process information- How you delete, generalize and distort information in your world.
  • Reclaiming your Neurology: How your state of mind-body-emotion has you, and dictates the quality of your life.
  • How you can Master your reactions and choose your responses to yourself, others and the world
  • Sensory Acuity-How to be fully present to another person.
  • Listening to the movies of the mind – Noticing what is really going on for others.
  • Eye Accessing Cues – Watch what the eyes say.
  • Physiological pacing – Learn to gain instant rapport, how to meet people in their world (people like people who are like themselves).
  • Meta Mind Pacing – How to develop deep connection through a meeting of the minds.
  • Verbal Pacing – Understand the language preferences of others.
  • Perceptual Flexibility – Step into wisdom as you learn the multiple perspectives of reality.

2. Learn and Apply Emotional Intelligence (EQ) in real time to increase your EQ and Leadership abilities.

  • Learn State Accessing, Elicitation and Anchoring skills for Self Mastery and Influence.
  • Patterns for overcoming difficult situations like phobias, stage frights, undesirable habits, memories etc-Circle of Excellence, The Swish Pattern, Movie Rewind Pattern.
  • Learn the Meta Model to able to do precision questioning while coaching others where you will learn to do representational tracking, meta level language tracking, questions and effects etc.
  • Learn Patterns like the Well Formed Outcome, the SCORE Model, the Dancing SCORE to enhance your coaching skills.

3. Learn to Detect How You and Others Think-One of the greatest discovery of NLP to make people relate to others better.

  • Defining Meta-Programmes (perception filters)- Your coping mechanism in the social world that defines your personality- the reason you are, the way you are.
  • The 60 Meta-Programme Template ( Understand yourself & figure out people)
  • Meta-Programme Mastery– Learn to stretch your brain in 60 different directions.
  • Changing Meta-Programmes

4. The Meta-States Model-one of the latest discovery that contributed significantly to the field of NLP

  • Introducing the Meta-States Model
  • Discover the true nature of Sub-modalities as Meta Modalities
  • Meta-States for Framing and Re-framing
  • The Mind-Line Model or the Sleight of Mouth– learning to send the brain in 7 different directions to shift unhealthy meanings in others unconscious mind.
  • Understanding and changing limiting beliefs
  • Learn the NLP 6 steps reframe process
  • Conscious reframing, Reframing criticism, Reframing motivation (or the lack of it!)
  • Meta Yes Belief Change.

5. Strategies and Modelling Tools- to bring out the unconscious strategies of experts for others to model

  • The Strategy Elicitation model
  • The TOTE model for Critical Thinking and Problem Solving.
  • Strategy Elicitation patterns
  • Understanding how you understand, learn, believe, motivate ourselves
  • and make decisions
  • More about the SCORE Model
  • The Dancing SCORE,
  • Collapsing Anchors.

6. Time-Lines-Learn to go into trance and also learn to induct someone into Trance

  • Introduction to Time-Line and its structure
  • Eliciting Time-Lines – how we make sense of time
  • Changing Time-Lines
  • The Trance-Logical Levels of the Meta Model.
  • Using language hypnotically The Milton model
  • Kinesthetic Time-Lines
  • Changing Time-Lines

7. Time-Lines as Meta States

  • Time-Lines as Meta-States
  • Change Personal History
  • Change History using Meta-States
  • Releasing Negative Emotions
  • Destroying Unresourceful Decisions
  • Re-Imprinting of unresourceful memories by updating it with helpful maps.
  • Finishing Unfinished Business
  • Creating a New Reality
  • Aligning Perceptual Positions (Self, Other, Observer)
  • Effective Selling
  • Effective Negotiating
  • Having Great Meetings

8. Assessment

  • Assessing Practitioner Standards for Competency
  • Testing your Knowledge
  • You leave this programme having integrated the learning, confident in the knowledge that you are fully competent to do all this going forward!


Read about Neuro Semantics and NLP by going to
“The User’s Manual for the Brain” by Michael Hall and Bob Bodenhamer. Or Read Tony Robbins book, ” The Unlimited Power”.



Romeo is a highly conscientious trainer who cares deeply for his audience. His commitment to refining the basics as well as ongoing development make him an excellent trainer.  

Dr Alan Fayter-New Zealand, Dr.Clinical Hypnosis, IANLP Trainer.

Watch this video of Neuro Semantics Trainers and Coaches testimonies from around the world

NLP & Neuro Semantics Licensed Coach & Trainer:
Romeo is the only Indian Licensed Trainer and Master Practitioner in NLP-Neuro Semantics in South India from the International Society of Neuro Semantics-USA, who was personally trained at Hongkong by Dr. Michael Hall-Phd, Founder of Neuro Semantics-one of the most respected and recognized Trainer in the whole field of NLP & Cognitive Behavioral Psychology and Colin Cox from New Zealand, one of the finest NLP Master Trainer in the world.

Romeo Haokip certifies NLP Practitioners, Master Practitioners and Neuro Semantics and NLP Coaches under the auspices of the International Society of Neuro Semantics. Certification runs from 3 days to 14 days. His certification programs outside India cost around US$3000-4500 per participants. His network with highly quality Trainers and Meta coaches spreads across 40 countries. He has strategic partners and operation in Singapore, Malaysia and Sri Lanka currently.
Why NLP & Neuro Semantics: Because the Best people want the best tools for Self Growth & Development.
NLP is considered the number 1 tool of choice among the top celebrity business and life coaches around the world. It is well known that many top politicians including Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, and Barack Obama are trained in NLP. Celebrities that are known to use these skills are Oprah Winfrey, Sophie Dahl, Lily Allen, Gerri Halliwell and Jimmy Carr. Heston Blumenthal ‘is a devotee’. It is said that Robbie Williams use a very simple NLP technique before going stage. All of these people use the skills of NLP to help them succeed in their profession. Celebrities such as Cheryl Cole & Caroline Flack have been treated with NLP and have endorsed how effective it is.
“I built my sales career from zero to become the world best motivator by using NLP”
— Anthony Robbins, Author of Awaken the Giant Within
His Coaching and Training Model Origins:
Romeo’s expertise lies in the domain of peak performance and the psychology of Self Actualization based on Neuro Semantics Principles. His Coaching and Training models come from the field of the Cognitive Behavioral sciences, from Developmental Psychology, the Neuro-sciences, General Semantics, Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP), cognitive linguistics, cybernetics, and system dynamics. He has trained on more than 40 Cognitive Behavioural modules on Personal Mastery, Leadership, Communication, Sales, OD and other softskill topics to more than 40 corporate Clients.
Experience and Industry Sectors:
In his 15 years of experience, he has trained thousands of employees across various industries, of diverse age groups; coached Senior Executives, been an Advisor to many NGOs and taught and lectured in many prestigious MBA schools. He has experience in various industry sectors such as FMCG, Retails, Hospitality, IT/ITEs, BPO, Call Centres, Consulting & Training, Financial, Campus Teaching, NGOs, Coaching, F&B, HRD, Energy, FMCG, SCM, Financial Services, Telecom, Manufacturing, E-Commerce & Retail etc.

Certifications and Licenses 
 Licensed Neuro Semantics and NLP Trainer from ISNS-USA-Top NLP Premier Certifying Body.
 Certified Convergys Trainer.
 Certified Practitioner, Trainer & Coach of NLP- NFNLP.
 Licensed Administrator of MBTI STEP I & STEP II Expanded Interpretive Report
 Certified Master Practitioner in NLP and Neuro Semantics-ISNS-USA.
 Certified Meta Coach-II ISNS – ISNS-USA.
 Certified in “Accessing Personal Genius” and Coaching Genius Instructor-ISNS-USA.
 Certified Neuro Semantics Emotional Intelligence Coach and Instructor.
 Certified in Time Line Therapy, Conversational Reframing, Figuring Out People, Trance, Modeling-ISNS.
 Certified Voice and Accent Coach, Customer Service, Spoken English & Culture Sensitization.
 Gateway Certifications like Creativity, Innovation, Leadership, Self Actualization, Group Coaching, Selling Genius, Writing Genius, Wealth Building etc from ISNS-USA.

You leave this program having integrated the learning, confident in the knowledge that you are fully competent to do all this going forward!

Compare these course content with other NLP certifications in India and ask yourself why should you attend other courses that does not cover even half of what this course covers. That is why we have dedicated 8 days to make you world class Meta NLP Practitioners.

***Watch this video of Neuro Semantics Trainers and Coaches testimonies from around the world

*** Get 39 pages of the first day course content for FREE to sample the quality of the content NOW.

*** Attend the first 2-3days for FREE to test your feet in the water whether to attend or not . 

*** Please watch the Trainer presents the synopsis here as he breaks down what will be covered each day 

What is Neuro-Semantics and Where did it Come From?

Neuro-Semantics began in 1996 as the brain-child of Michael Hall and Bobby Bodenhamer as we engaged in various conversations about Meta-States, NLP, and General Semantics.  Out of those conversations we wrote several articles regarding the current state of affairs in NLP.  The first one we entitled, “The Downside of NLP.” This article, as well as some follow up articles about the state of disarray, bad P.R., the Bandler lawsuit, the over-emphasis and vague emphasis on “installing learnings unconsciously,” etc. were published in Anchor Point.  Nelson Penaylillo (NLP Trainer in Australia), Peter Kean (NLP Trainer, Washington DC), and Robert Olic (NLP Trainer, Philadelphia, PA) were the first to thereafter joined in the conversation.

In extending, expanding, and enriching both NLP and GS, we (Hall and Bodenhamer) first sought simply to unite and synthesize the best pieces from Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) and General Semantics.   Our passion was to get more credibility and validity for the field that seemed so disorganized and torn by competition in the USA.   Simultaneously, we were developing numerous new patterns using the Meta-States Model.   This was beginning to revolutionize things and it was Dr. Bodenhamer who first saw this vision in the Meta-States model.  Consequently we choose the term Neuro-Semantics to designate the new enriched field.

Now the term Neuro-Semantics goes back to Alfred Korzybski.  The father of General Semantics introduced both phrases, “neuro-linguistic” and “neuro-semantic,” in 1936 in some of his papers.  Later, they showed up in his 1941 Preface to his classic work, Science and Sanity. In Korzybski’s writings, you will find both terms used pretty much synonymously.  Here, however, following the Meta-States Model®we have arbitrary chosen to use Neuro-Linguistics to refer to the Modeling, Methodology, and Technology that has grown out of the field of NLP andNeuro-Semantics to refer to the newer and more extensive Modeling, Patterning, Methodology, and Technology that has resulted from the Meta-States Model.  In the next section you will find a fuller discrimination between NLP and Neuro-Semantics.


How does Neuro-Semantics differ from Neuro-Linguistic Programming?

NLP emerged as a happen-chance from a modeling project of Fritz Perls and Virginia Satir.  This happened as the young college student, Richard Bandler, discovered his genius of imitation of their language patterns.   Linguistics Professor, John Grinder, began working with Richard to model the structure of the therapeutic wizards.  This brought them into relationship with Dr. Robert Spitzer, who became their first publisher (Science and Behavior Books).  And that, in turn, led to their association with the genius of Gregory Bateson (anthropologist, linguist, cybernetician) when Spitzer moved them onto his property.  They became neighbors of Bateson.  And that connection, in turn, then led them to Milton Erickson and hypnosis.

Using the new formulations of the then-emerging Cognitive Psychology Models, Bandler and Grinder tapped into the elegance of the TOTE Model of Miller, Galanter, and Pribram.  This gave them a linear way to track the processes within “the black box” that Behaviorism had always avoided.  Out of this came the NLP Strategy Model— a Model for Modeling Excellence.  This model primarily operates like a flow chart of consciousness, tracking “mind” linearly.  In Neuro-Semantics, we add the vertical dimension and so tease out the hidden meta-levels within the structure of subjectivity.

In the beginning, NLP sought to avoid all theory, explanatory models, and “the why” question by presenting itself as strictly focused on how do you do that? Accordingly, NLP arose first and foremost as a Communication Model.  It explored how the body (Neuro, e.g. the nervous system, physiology, neurology, etc.) gets Programmed by the use of various Languages (linguistics).

By way of contrast, Neuro-Semantics goes beyond the linear “flow chart” analysis of the Structure of Subjective Experience by focusing more fully on the Meta-Levels that support and drive the movement of consciousness along its TOTEs.  By tracking the vertical dimensions of human processing, it moves into higher level Meanings much more fully.  Accordingly, it tracks and models the neuro-semantic structures of meanings at higher (and typically, unconscious) levels.

Both Neuro-Semantics and NLP operate as interdisciplinary approaches, utilizing models from many psychologies.  This includes cybernetics, computer science, neuro-biology, family systems, anthropology, etc.

Neuro-Semantics highlights much more fully and extensively the existence of multiple meta-levels and logical levels than does NLP.   Korzybski (1933/1994) labeled the higher level abstractions as “second order” and “third order” abstractions.  He suggested that much study and exploration needs to be done in this area of reflexivity about how we evaluate and then evaluate our evaluations and by that create higher levels of “mind.”

Bateson (1972) picked up on this in how he used meta-levels and logical types in his theories of schizophrenia, play, humor, aesthetics, etc.   He and the Mental Research Institute (MRI) in Palo Alto laid so much of the foundation for NLP (especially in the 1974 book, Change by Watzlawick, Weakland, & Fisch).

NLP, as a meta-discipline itself, certainly has meta-levels (the Meta-Model, Meta-Programs).  And co-developer, Robert Dilts has contributed numerous meta-level models.   But nowhere in NLP had a fully descriptive and comprehensive model about Meta-Levels emerged until the development of the Meta-States® Model (Hall 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998).  This was recognized by the International NLP Trainer’s Association in 1995 in their award for Meta-States as “the most significant contribution to NLP in 1994—1995.”

In many ways, the Meta-States Model has turned NLP upside down.  And it has done so in such a simple way.  By merely changing the operational metaphor of “depth” inherited from Transformational Grammar, and adopting the “height” metaphor, Meta-States reformulated NLP.  Dr. Graham Dawes noted this in his early reviews of Meta-States and Dragon Slayingcommenting that Meta-States will be the model that “ate NLP.”  Others have commented that Meta-States outframes NLP as it sets up higher frames for the processes of NLP.  If this sounds like we think Neuro-Semantics will replace NLP, we would like to add that we see it in a different function, namely, as extending, continuing, and evolving the development that began with Korzybski, Bateson, Bandler, Grinder, Dilts, etc.

In the Meta-States Model, the nature of self-reflexivity has finally been given its full due.  In this way, the model provides a way to track thoughts-about-thoughts, feelings-about-feelings, as our inevitable and inescapable meta-thinking, meta-feeling, and meta-responding generates layers upon layers of cognition.  This flexible model provides a way to identify the ever-changing hierarchy of human consciousness, without becoming a rigid way.  The levels themselves shift and change.  And true enough, while this makes for seeming complexity in human “mind” and experience, the ordering of the Meta-Level Principles formats and structures that complexity.  This means that the plastic and flexible nature of meta-levels whereby any thought can reflect back onto itself or onto another thought at any level does not have to create confusion or chaos.  We can track it.  We can model it as a system.

While the recursive nature of thought-feeling does create complexity, it does not create chaos.  Systemic complexity contains structure.  So even though it may at first appear as the complexity of chaos, with a meta-level model like Meta-States we can easily discover an ordering at a higher level.  And as this distinguishes different levels of “thought”— this provides a new and profound understanding in NLP.  We have designated this as the beginning of Neuro-Semantics. This Meta-Level Model thus provides a way of distinguishing such mental phenomena as:

∙     Beliefs — Validated Thoughts-about-Thoughts

∙     Values — Valued Thoughts-about-Thoughts

∙    Understandings— Extensive systems of Thoughts-about-Thoughts

∙     Decisions — Choiced Thoughts-about-Thoughts

∙     Identity — Beliefs about Thoughts-about-”Self” Concepts

∙    Concepts — Extensive (simple or complex) Understandings about Domains of Understandings

∙     Categories — conceptual sorting of Concepts

∙    Reasons —higher level structures used as explanatory constructs

∙     Etc.

As an aside, I should here mention the extreme limitation of the term “thought.”  By itself, the term reflects a very limited, Aristotelian, and primitive term—an Elementalism.  Using the principles of General Semantics, we know that “thought” includes “emotion,” hence the awkward yet more sane mapping of “thought-feeling.” So to use “thought” sanely we have to do so from a non-elementalistic perspective.  For people in NLP, this provides a new piece straight from GS that was not in the original Meta-Model.  You will find it in the expanded Meta-Model in The Secrets of Magic.

With the systemic nature of self-reflexive thought-feeling looping recursively back onto itself creating layers of consciousness and the higher level structures (the “mental” phenomena), we have states-about-states or Meta-States.  This sets up systemic processing.  It generates logical levels in our “thinking-emoting.”  It sets up attractors in a self-organizing system.  And these run by certain higher level principles— all articulated as the Meta-Stating Principles.

Now we can begin to sort out different kinds of meanings. We can sort out linkage “meaning,”previously known as Pavlovian conditioning or Associative Meanings. It goes further.  It introduces Contextual Meanings— the meanings that arise from higher mental contexts.  These higher level abstractions of “meanings” into which we categorize and attribute significance to things thereby generates our Semantic or Conceptual States. And with this, we introduce yet another new distinction in NLP.

I trust that by now you can recognize that in these ways, Neuro-Semantics incorporates higher level “meanings” into the structure of subjectivity.  Our “states” involve the primary level neuro-linguistic thoughts-and-feelings in response to something out there in the world.  That defines a Primary State.  A Meta-State involves more.  It involves our thoughts-feeling about our thoughts, emotions, states, memories, imaginations, concepts, etc.  It involves our meta-responses to previous responses.

There is a lot more to Neuro-Semantics than this (and more being developed every week), but this does begin to offer a set of distinctions.  In summary, notice the following chart.

NLP Neuro-Semantics
  • Linear Processing of the Structure of Experience
  • TOTE Strategy Analysis
  • Linear Flow Chart Tracking Consciousness
  • Separate Models for various meta-phenomena   (i.e. Values, Beliefs, etc.)
  • Confusion of All “States” as the Same
  • Lack of how Meta-Model & Meta-Programs  Relate & Interface
  • “Sleight of Mouth” Patterns
  • Confusion of Orientational Metaphor— up and down: depth (core) and height
  • “Submodalities” — Patterns, Technologies, etc.
  • Meta-Level Processing
  • Vertical Logical Levels Analysis
  • Recursiveness/ Reflexivity
  • Systemic & Holistic Model embracing all of the Meta-Phenomena
  • Distinction between Primary States, Meta-States, Gestalt States
  • Clarification about the three Meta-Domains as
  • Interactive & Redundant — The Systemic 3 Model.
  • Mind-Lines— Conversational Reframing ordered in a logical level format that includes deframing, reframing, outframing, etc.
  • Clarity about the Orientational Metaphors— Recognition of the representational distinctions as actually Meta-Modalities
  • Introduction of Meta-Detailing as the heart of genius
  • Meta-Programs revitalized as early formations of Meta-States
  • Canopies of Consciousness and Attractors of Self-Organizing Systems


How does Neuro-Semantics differ from General Semantics?

General Semantics began with Alfred Korzybski (1933) and continues today as a viable discipline and field in its own right.  As an engineer, Korzybski sought to redesign the old Aristotelian language as our primary way of mapping the territory.  He wanted to do this to increase our ability at effective adjustment to increase humanity’s sanity.  The old mapping involved several unsane factors: identification, elementalism, confusion of levels, etc.

NLP brought over many of the features of General Semantics into its Meta-Model of language.  More recently, we have identified many of the Korzybskian linguistic distinctions not brought over and have added them to the Meta-Model (Hall, Secrets of Magic, 1998).

Neuro-Semantics differs from General Semantics by its NLP emphasis on modeling excellence and designing patterns, technologies, and new methodologies for human design engineering (a phrase, by the way, originated by Korzybski, 1921).  In Neuro-Semantics we have begun to create a Merging of the Models (NLP and GS).  What we began in November 1998 in London as a three-day training program under the title, The Merging of the Models, will eventually result in a second modeling — or Engineering Training using other as-of-yet unmined treasures of Korzybski.

What Uniquely Distinguishes this new field?

Neuro-Semantics stands out as both “enriched” NLP and “enriched” General Semantics.  Returning to the sources of NLP, General Semantics, Bateson’s works in anthropology, schizophrenia, Levels of Learning, and cybernetics, MRI Institute, Cognitive Psychology (Miller, Galanter, Pribram), etc., we have sought to establish Neuro-Semantics on solid, scientific, and highly researched studies.

NLP, for a variety of reasons, has seemed to have received lots of negative and harmful Public Relations and General Semantics has seemed to locate itself in a small and isolated community.  For these (and other reasons), we have sought to step aside just enough from NLP and GS so that we can both continue the adventure of modeling and engineering human excellence but not tied down to the limitations of the two source disciplines.

I should mention here that we in the Institute of Neuro-Semantics are not the only ones who have been moving in this direction.  Canadian Dennis Chong, M.D. and Roye Fraser of Blue Dell Systems, both NLP trainers, have in recent years written about Neuro-Semantic Programming (NSP).  As noted on our web site (, Dr. Chong has written several books mentioned NSP, Don’t Ask Why, Language Elegance, and Knife Without Pain. While we have some differences with these gentlemen, the basic thrust and emphasis corresponds to an amazing degree.

Neuro-Semantics has also found new life and excitement in Chaos theory, Self-Organization Theory, the newer developments in Cognitive Psychology, Performance Coaching, Brief Psychotherapy, REBT, Glasser’s Reality Therapy/ Control Theory, and many other fields.


What Central Principles govern this domain?

First and foremost of the principles that govern Neuro-Semantics is the Bateson principle that“The higher levels govern (modulate, drive, organize) the lower levels.”   Meta-levels serve asthe frame-of-reference for the activity (thinking, feeling, responding) that occurs at the levels lower to the frame.  The meta-level thus operates as an attractor in a self-organizing system.  From this we have identified numerous other principles.

Someone (or something) will always set the frame of reference. The question becomes, “Whoset the frame?”  Count on your Meta-State becoming your unconscious frames— your “way of being in the world,” your attitude

Whoever sets the frame will govern the experience (run the game!). Since higher frames govern—and since somebody also sets it, the person who sets the frame thereby takes charge of the subsequent experiences.  The resulting thoughts, ideas, concepts, beliefs, emotions, behaviors, language, problems, solutions, and experiences derive their existence from the frame.  Frames govern.

The whole determines the parts and from the parts, the whole emerges. This speaks about the systemic nature of the mind-body system.  It speaks about the gestalt nature of our neuro-linguistics processes.  The system that emerges from the meta-levels that govern the lower levels brings about an overall gestalt (or configuration of interactive parts) which in turn, define the character of the whole.

In outframing, we set up a higher level frame-of-reference that will take over. The power to identify a frame enables us to step aside from a frame and to set a whole new frame.  Doing this transforms everything.  It performs meta-level “magic” in that it installs a new self-organizing attractor at the top of the semantic system.

What we call “experience” differs radically and significantly at each level. Korzbyski described these in his “levels of abstraction” model regarding how the nervous system abstracts at different levels.  We can use the same word/s at the different levels as multiordinal terms —terms that have no specific meaning until we specify at which level we refer.

Reflexivity endows consciousness with systemic processes and characteristics. Reflexivity describes the mechanism that drives these levels of abstraction and these meta-level experience.  This refers to the fact that our consciousness can reflect back onto itself or its products (thoughts, emotions, beliefs, values, decisions, specific concepts, etc.).  As it does, it sets up feed-back and feed-forward processes and thereby creates a circular system.

Meta-level disorientation and conflict can create living hells. Generally speaking (numerous exceptions do exist), whenever we bring negative thoughts-and-feelings (states) against ourselves or any facet of ourselves, we put ourselves at odds with ourselves.  And when our self-relationships (relation to ourselves) become disturbed, we begin to loop around in vicious downward self-reinforcing cycles.  And when self-disturbed (self-condemning, self-contempting, self-repressing, self-hating, etc.), this then creates a disturbance for all of our relationships with others.  This creates neurosis, psychosis, personality disorders, character disorders, etc.

Paradox frequently governs meta-level solutions for health, integration, balance, and empowerment. The only way to rid ourselves of unwanted thoughts, emotions, behaviors, habits, etc. involves, paradoxically, welcoming, accepting, appreciating, and celebrating that very thought, emotion, behavior, etc.  By welcoming it into consciousness we can take counsel of it, reality check it, learn from it, etc.  To not reckon with it leads to unuseful suppression, repression, self-rejection, etc.

Setting a frame necessitates neuro-linguistic energy & repetition. How do we actually set a frame or establish a meta-level State?  Merely “thinking” or even “feeling” will not do it.  We can think, know, feel, and have awarenesses that do not establish a higher level frame-of-reference.  Here we need to utilize the natural processes of how our brains operate—we need to use drama, energy, repetition, etc.

Altering higher level frames alters Identity and Destiny. You can’t change what you do (so that it lasts in a pervasive and generative way), without also changing who you are. Does your higher frame of self-definition support the change?  Your behavior is like a printout of your Operating Programs.

What are some of the New Techniques & Patterns that have already emerged from Neuro-Semantics?

At this point in time we have not made a full account of the scores of pattens and technologies that have arisen.  Every month in Meta-States Journal we have published at least one new or adapted pattern.  There you will find more than twenty fully described patterns.  (We also have most of those in outline form in Secrets of Meta-States, the Training Manual).  You can locate 16 new Time-Lining Patterns in the book by that title, and technologies in the remaking of Meta-Programs (Figuring Out People).

∙     Conceptual Positions (the Perceptual Positions reformatted as a Logical Level System and incorporating Semantics.

∙      Meta-Yesing: A Ten-Minute Belief Change Pattern.

∙      Inserting Resources Pattern

∙      Meta-Detailing: The heart of Genius (see Meta-Stating Genius)

∙     Modeling with Meta-Levels (see NLP: Going Meta)

What is The Institute of Neuro-Semantics®?

Who are the Principal Players in the Institutes of Neuro-Semantics?

It began when Michael Hall and Bob Bodenhamer filled for trademarks for Neuro-Semantics and Meta-States in 1997.  The Registration of the Trademarks were finally obtained in 1998 (Registration numbers: 2,210,336 and 2,199,913).   During this time, Dr. Bodenhamer established The First Institute of Neuro-Semantics in Gastonia NC.  Later, Robert Olic (Olic Performance Seminars) began sponsoring Neuro-Semantic Trainings by Michael Hall on the east coast.


We established Meta-States Journal in 1997 as a monthly publication for Neuro-Semantics.  It promotes and markets much of the current research and discoveries, training schedules, responses from around the world, and much more.  We have also created a website




What is the Agenda, Motivation, and Intentions of those Associated with Neuro-Semantics?

The purpose (agenda and motivation) of The Institute of Neuro-Semantics is to continue the exciting research and modeling into the adventure of human design engineering using the tools of General Semantics, NLP, and Meta-States.

The design of this?  To engineer human excellence by modeling the best, by identifying the structure of Excellence, and by designing afresh new forms of human excellence in all fields.

And the meta-outcome of that?  To enable people to find, discover, and actualize their best — to consciously enter into more experiences of Flow (Czikszentmihalyi), Positive Addiction (Glasser), Genius (Bandler, Grinder, Dilts, etc.), to empower people to run their own brains and to manage their meta-minds, and to achieve high performance whether it be in career, relationships, personal development, spirituality, health, or whatever.

Historical Development of the Meta-States Model

(Compiled by Denis Bridoux, NLP Trainer with Post-Graduate Professional Education, Harragate, England)

1933: Alfred Korzybski coined the phrase neuro-linguistic training, postulated his theory of the levels of abstraction, constructed his theory of second-order abstractions, third-order, etc. in his classic word Science and Sanity.

1972: Gregory Bateson’s classic work Steps to an Ecology of Mind that brought together all his revolutionary studies on double-bind theory, applications of Logical Theory of Types, going meta to meta-levels, the levels of Learning Model, etc.

1975-1983: John Grinder & Richard Bandler utilizing the idea of going meta in their NLP model beginning with the Meta-model—an explicit model about how language and VAK representations work in human experience.  They distinguish sensory-based level from the evaluative level, the importance of meta-parts, and the strategy model for modeling “the structure of subjective experience.”

1994: Michael Hall specifies how meta-levels of mind-body neuro-linguistic states factor into the structure of subjective experience and bring over Korzybski and Bateson ideas into the strategy model.  This arose from modeling resilience and discovering that within it people have embedded numerous layers and levels of consciousness and states.  Awareness by the International Trainers Association of NLP (1995) for the most significant contribution to NLPduring 1994-1995.

ISNS The International Society of Neuro-Semantics

L. Michael Hall, Ph.D.

(970) 523-7877

NLP A Model of Communication that empowers people to run their own brains by using the “languages” of the mind, namely, the sensory representational systems — the Visual, Auditory, & Kinesthetics (body sensations).  We think in these see, hear, and feel dimensions or modes.  As we so represent things to ourselves on the inner screen of consciousness which we call “thinking,” so we signal our bodies.  This then puts us in state— that is, in a Mind-Body State of Consciousness.

Developed by two guys fascinated by human excellence.  NLP provides a model, insights, and specific step-by-step techniques for running your own brain, managing your own states, communicating more effectively and elegantly with yourself and others, and replicating human expertise in every field.


A Model of Reflexive Consciousness that details precisely how we reflect back on our thoughts and feelings to create higher levels of thoughts-and-feelings.  In so using our thoughts-and-feelings thoughts-about-our-thoughts, feelings-about-feelings, we thereby create mind-bodystates-about-states or Meta-States.

This differs from a Primary State like fear, anger, joy, relaxed, tense, pleasure, pain, etc. in that a Meta-State has a layering of higher level concepts such as fear of my fear, anger at my fear, shame about being embarrassed, joy of learning, esteem of my self, etc.


A Model of Meaning or Evaluation that utilizes the Meta-States Model for articulating and working with higher levels of states and the Neuro-Linguistic Programming Model for detailing human processing and experiencing.  Neuro-Semantics presents a fuller and richer model that offers a way of thinking about and working with the way our nervous system (neurology) and mind (linguistics) create meaning, evaluate events and experiences, and assigns significances (semantics).